- Classical Author Before AD 50-after AD 120.
The works of the *Greek writer, Plutarch of Chaeronea, have preserved, in its fullest form, one of Egypt's greatest myths, although the same story occurs earlier in the writings of *Diodorus Siculus.This myth, De Iside et Osiride ('On Isis and Osiris'), relates the story of *Osiris who was originally believed to have been a human ruler who brought civilisation to Egypt. He was subsequently murdered by his brother Seth, his body was dismembered and his limbs scattered throughout the land. His devoted wife, Isis, reunited his limbs and posthumously conceived their son, Horus, who in adulthood, fought Seth in a famous conflict to avenge his father's death. The gods sat in judgement on their case and, when they found in favour of Horus, he became King of the Living while Osiris was resurrected as Judge of the Dead and King of the Underworld; Seth, was banished. The Myth expressed in graphic terms the eternal triumph of good over evil and the success of life over death, as well as the continual ability of the countryside and the vegetation to renew their vitality after the Nile's annual inundation. It was a potent story that symbolised in vivid and easily understood imagery the roles of Seth as the 'Evil One' and of *Osiris as the god of the dead, who could promise his followers the chance of individual resurrection and eternal life.Although there is no extant Egyptian account of the Myth, Plutarch's version undoubtedly recounts the story as it existed in popular mythology and it agrees to a considerable degree with the references and allusions which are preserved in the Egyptian religious texts found on temple walls and in papyri. Plutarch probably provides an authentic outline of the Myth, but his account almost certainly presents an analysis of the Myth's meaning and significance which reflects a *Greek rather than an Egyptian outlook. Nevertheless, even with its inaccuracies, Plutarch and the other Classical writers provided one of the few detailed accounts of Egyptian religion which was available to Western scholars during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Only with modern archaeological excavation of the sites and monuments and the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs, could scholars obtain firsthand information about Egyptian civilisation which enabled Classical sources to be reassessed.BIBL. Plutarch's Moralia. (fourteen vols) Vol. 5. Cambridge, Mass.: 1936; Griffiths, J.G. Plutarch, De Iside et Osiride. Cardiff: 1970.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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Plutarch — (griechisch Πλούταρχος, lateinisch: Plutarchus; * um 45 in Chaironeia; † um 125) war ein griechischer Schriftsteller und Verfasser zahlreicher biographischer und philosophischer Schriften. Durch große literarische und philosophische Bildung… … Deutsch Wikipedia
PLUTARCH° — (c. 46–120 C.E.), Greek biographer and antiquarian. He discusses whether the Jews abstain from the use of swine s flesh out of reverence for the animal or because of aversion to it (Quaestiones Conviviales, 4). In a symposium (ibid.) Who is the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Plutárch — Plutárch, griech. Schriftsteller, geb. um 46 n.Chr. zu Chäronea in Bäotien, gest. das. als Archon und Priester des delphischen Apollo (um 95 125 n.Chr.); schrieb 46 Lebensbeschreibungen berühmter Griechen und Römer, hg. von Sintenis (neue. Ausg … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Plutarch — Plutarch, griech. Schriftsteller aus Chäronea, geb. um 50 n. Chr., gest. zwischen 120 und 134; wir besitzen von ihm 44 vergleichende Lebensbeschreibungen (Parallelbiographien) berühmter Griechen u. Römer u. 5 Biographien, sehr anziehend… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Plutarch — [plo͞o′tärk΄] A.D. 46? 120?; Gr. biographer & historian … English World dictionary
Plutarch — For other uses, see Plutarch (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Petrarch. Plutarch Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus Μέστριος Πλούταρχος Parallel Lives, Amyot translation, 1565 Born c … Wikipedia
Plutarch — /plooh tahrk/, n. A.D. c46 c120, Greek biographer. * * * Greek Plutarchos Latin Plutarchus born AD 46, Chaeronea, Boeotia died after 119 Greek biographer and author. The son of a biographer and philosopher, Plutarch studied in Athens, taught in… … Universalium
Plutarch — noun /ˈpluː.tɑːk,ˈplu.tɑɹk/ a) The classical historian and essayist Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (46 120 ). Often used as a byword for a biographer, to suggest that the writer is especially skilled or has other attributes associated with Plutarch.… … Wiktionary
Plutarch — (c. AD 50–120) Greek born writer and Middle Platonist. Plutarch was born in Chaeronea in Boeotia, studied at Athens, and went to Rome, returning to spend the last decades of his life as a priest at Delphi. His most famous work, the Lives, is… … Philosophy dictionary
Plutarch — Plutạrch, griechisch Plutarchos, griechischer philosophischer Schriftsteller, * Chaironeia um 46 n. Chr., ✝ um 120. Aus angesehener Familie stammend, schloss sich Plutarch in Athen der platonischen Akademie an, wurde jedoch auch von Stoa und… … Universal-Lexikon